You may not realize but your skin is your body’s largest organ. It’s not only important for appearance but has many roles in the maintenance of health and life. Also, it’s unique in many ways and other organ demands so much attention in both states of health and disease. However, pigmentation is a common and distressing problem that affects men and women of all age groups. Mainly caused by internal or external physical factors like hormonal changes, trauma, sun exposure, or the natural aging process. Presenting areas of darkness, age spots, freckles, and uneven derma tone to the individuals. Additionally, it’s not restricted to the facial area alone and is mostly visible on the neck, shoulder, backs of the hands, etc. Read here on Pigmentation Removal Melbourne – Types and Treatment Options.
Pigmentation is a state that causes your skin to darken. Resulting in patches on your face and entire body. Age spots or liver spots are a common type of pigmentation and are formed when melanin cells become unhealthy or damaged.
Causes of pigmentation
- Sun damage
- Environmental exposure
- Derma type
- Pregnancy or hormones
- Injury or trauma
- Sweat burn
- Environmental changes
- Trauma, medications, and medical conditions
Types of pigmentation
These are mainly classified into two namely – epidermal and dermal
Epidermal is superficial affecting the lighter areas and mainly occurs through sun damage. They include sun spots, freckles, and age spots.
While dermal on the other hand affects the deeper membranes. Mainly caused by trauma, medications, and hormonal sources.
Pigmentation treatment options
This treatment is made using selective ingredients and is available in stronger prescription forms. It’s advised to use once or twice a day for lightening your overall derma tone.
Carbon laser peel
This laser technology is the application of specialised laser energy to reduce visible age spots, pigmentation to enhance the dermal tone.
Needling is highly effective for treating hyperpigmentation in dark colors. This multitasking treatment creates rejuvenating micro channels into the membrane to provide a balanced and normalized cellular function.
Another highly effective non-invasive treatment which uses Intense Pulsed laser to absorb melanin and hemoglobin. This light converts to heat, which damages the target cells without disrupting the dermal surface. Offering a fade, light shade to the individual.
These peels are best at treating hyperpigmentation. There are varied options available for these peels. Each specifically formulated to treat hyperpigmentation, wrinkles, and fine lines. This works best for individuals with age spots, blotchy tone, melasma, sun damage, etc.
This is a good method that involves the removal of the epidermis. Especially good for acne scars, injury scars, sun damage, age spots, etc.
Laser facial uses Q-Switched Laser technology which is a combination of high power and short pulse widths that delivers energy throughout the layers of the epidermis.
But there are risks associated with this treatment like
- Recurrence of the pigmentation after treatment.
- Sometimes darkening of the pigment after treatment.
In short, your skin’s health is important and it protects your body from many viruses and bacteria you are exposed to daily. Equally, it produces more amounts of vitamin D which is important for many bodily functions.